Sky-High Hospital Prices Are a Result of Government Interference

Despite its editorial position in favor of more government control of people’s access to medical care, the New York Times has an excellent track record of journalism covering the real problems in U.S. health care. A fine example is Elisabeth Rosenthal’s report last Monday (“As Hospital Prices Soar: A Stitch Tops $500”, December 2, 2013) on outrageous hospital prices, including $500 for a single stitch.

She identifies something that we don’t hear from hospitals themselves: Emergency rooms are profit centers. And we are not talking about rocket surgery: As Rosenthal notes, stitching a wound with needle and thread — a procedure undertaken since antiquity — routinely leads to a charge of over $1,500.

Rosenthal filed her story from San Francisco. California requires hospitals to file all their charges for procedures (the “chargemaster”) with the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPOD), which publicizes them. Many observers believe that the state forcing hospitals to publicize prices will lead to price reductions. However, that is a misdiagnosis: It addresses the symptoms and not the cause.

Rosenthal herself succumbs to the erroneous notion that hospitals gouge uninsured patients the most because they don’t have insurers to “argue” fees on their behalf.  To be sure, insurers regularly pay hospitals about one third of charges invoiced. However, it cannot be true that consumers need insurers to negotiate for us, because we don’t use them to “argue” with, Walmart, or Office Depot about prices they charge. Indeed, those firms achieved market dominance by combining convenience and low prices.

Uninsured patients go through emotional pain when they receive ER invoices, but rarely financial pain. Research (full text by subscription) from California demonstrates that uninsured patients paid only 28 percent of hospitals’ billed charges in 2004-2005. However, this does not mean that each uninsured patient paid 28 percent of her bill. Rather, the statistical distribution suggests that a small proportion of uninsured patients paid a high share of their charges, and most pay a tiny share (if any).

Nevertheless, it is necessary for hospitals to go through the charade of trying to collect high fees from uninsured patients, before writing the costs off to charity care, because Medicare regulations force them to do so. If hospitals do not try to collect from uninsured patients, the government accuses them of giving them a bigger discount than they give to Medicare, and claws back Medicare payments.

Government interference has led to perverse malformation of hospitals’ incentives to treat uninsured patients.

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For the pivotal alternative to Obamacare, please see the Independent Institute’s widely acclaimed book: Priceless: Curing the Healthcare Crisis, by John C. Goodman.

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